What is the difference between Information Security and Data privacy?
June 7, 2021

Information Security Vs Data Privacy

We live in an age where information is all around us. It has been considerably simpler to store, access, and distribute information since the advent of the Internet. However, with expanded access comes greater risk for enterprises in terms of data breaches and privacy violations.

All companies are obligated by law to secure their customers’ personal information, but many do not know how or have not taken the necessary efforts to educate their personnel on these rules.

With recent technological and data collecting breakthroughs, it is now more necessary than ever for businesses to consider securing both personally identifiable consumer information and the company’s sensitive information.

This blog article will examine the distinction between privacy and information security.

Data Privacy

The Primary Distinction Between Data Privacy and Information Security

A personal data breach may have serious implications, including significant regulatory implications and a loss of consumer confidence. Therefore, we often consider how security might help us safeguard our sensitive information while retaining our privacy via encryption and other means.

One prevalent misconception is that security and privacy are synonymous.

The distinction is that privacy protects against loss of control over one’s personal identity, while security protects the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data communications networks. It is an individual right established in most European nations’ constitutions, while information security refers to a mechanism aimed to secure data systems from illegal access or use by a specific entity—including both humans and software programs.

Let us take a deep dive into the topic now.

information security

What Is the Role of Information Security?

Information security safeguards a company’s sensitive or proprietary information, such as customer records, trade secrets, intellectual property (IP), corporate communications, and employee and financial data. Employees who have access to sensitive information may be required to sign confidentiality agreements; physical safeguards such as firewalls, locks, and alarms; segregation of duties for processing sensitive information using dual authentication systems; and restricted access to physical locations where sensitive data is stored or processed.

Information security strikes a balance between a company’s requirement to control who may view its secret information and business demands that need simple exchange of information among personnel. These two elements are often brought into balance.

Businesses must take the necessary precautions to safeguard their information assets from threats, vulnerabilities, and dangers. The phrase “information asset” refers to any data that a corporation or organization has, such as customer lists, financial records, intellectual property (copyrights on brands), and other private information such as trade secrets.

The goal of information security is to secure the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of data throughout its lifespan. Some of the most frequent information security functions are:

  • Management of risks
  • Threat detection and monitoring
  • Vulnerability management
  • Management of identity and access
  • Governance and strategy
  • Data security
  • Response to an incident
  • Defending the assets of the organization via the implementation of security policies, processes, technology, and controls
  • Employees are being educated on the importance of information security.

data privacy

What does data privacy Means?

Privacy is concerned with safeguarding and respecting people’s rights to manage their personal data in a broader sense. Individuals should have the right to access – if they ask for it – as well as the opportunity to modify or erase erroneous information about themselves that firms maintain in databases, according to privacy activists.

Privacy, like security, is crucial because it prevents data leaks. However, whereas security is concerned with information leaks caused by malware infections and data breaches, privacy is concerned with personal data rights in terms of how information is acquired, utilized, and maintained, as well as who has access to it.

Privacy and data security do not have to be mutually incompatible. They often go hand in hand. A company that values data privacy will also put in place safeguards to protect confidential data from unauthorized access or misuse by employees and outsiders, in accordance with government regulations on the protection of personal information as well as the organization’s own internal policies for safeguarding sensitive corporate information.

Individuals’ rights to control over how their information is gathered, utilized, and processed are protected under data privacy. Organizations that acquire personal data from an individual are required to take reasonable precautions to secure the data from unauthorized access and to comply with personal data privacy rules.

The following concepts are fundamental to data privacy:

  • Individuals must give consent before their data are collected, used, or shared
  • Data should only be processed for purposes specified by the individual at the time of collection
  • Personal information about individuals should not be revealed to other organizations without permission.
  • Organizations that violate these principles are subject to fines

These policies outline organizations’ obligations when it comes to managing business data containing personal information.


Privacy and information security are often at odds with each other. Privacy is when an individual’s personal information, habits, and other sensitive data are protected from public disclosure.

For information security, it means a company’s confidential material cannot be taken or accessed by the public or another company. Privacy must always take precedence, even over information security. Privacy is very important since it is so interconnected with our personal lives.



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